Last week, a study in the Journal of Educational Psychology stated that children bullied throughout their educational career have declined test scores, a distaste for school and lack of confidence in their abilities.
Researchers monitored hundreds of children from kindergarten through high school and found nearly 25 percent had experienced chronic bullying.
Gary W. Ladd, the study’s lead and a professor of psychology at Arizona State University, began research in 1992 when he and his colleagues chose 383 (190 boys and 193 girls) kindergarteners to participate. Each year, the children were assessed and asked to describe their experiences with bullying, violence and verbal abuse on a scale of one “almost never” to five “almost always.”
Of the 24 percent of children who reported chronic bullying, the study revealed they had lower academic achievement, a greater dislike for school and less academic confidence. The 18 percent of students who experienced moderate bullying early and increased bullying later on suffered similar consequences than the chronically bullied children.
The study also found that boys were more likely to stuff from chronic bullying, and when the study began cyber-bullying was not an issue. However, by the study’s end, 23 percent of participants had dropped out.
One-quarter of the children came from families with annual income of under $20,000, 39 percent from families making above $50,000 and the remainder were from families with an annual income between $20,000 and $50,000. Seventy-seven of the participants were white, 18 percent African-American and the remainder were Hispanic, biracial or came from other ethnic backgrounds. Most of the children were from Illinois, but by the fifth year many had migrated to other states.
Additional information can be found on CNN.com.